The main problem continues to get worse as more and more fishermen settle in Sri Lanka`s maritime area due to illegal poaching. In 2010, the Sri Lankan government issued a communication to the Tamil government Nadu that the Indian court cannot invalidate the 1974 agreement.  With the creation of exclusive economic zones by the two countries, India and Sri Lanka will exercise sovereign rights over the living and non-living resources of their respective areas. Ships and fishermen from India cannot fish in historic waters, in the coastal sea and in Sri Lanka`s exclusive economic zone, nor sri Lankan vessels and fishermen, without express permission from Sri Lanka or India, to fish in historic waters, the coastal sea and India`s exclusive economic zone. depending on the case,” he said in the agreement. It was reported in the media that DMK President Mr. Karunanidhi rejected in the Indian Supreme Court the Centre`s position that Katchatheevu belongs to Sri Lanka in light of the 1974 agreement and stated that sovereignty over the Iseue was “never in Ceylon, but in India”. The court gave Karunanidhi four weeks to present his counter-response; However, he submitted his response within one day of negotiations. He prayed that the last one would be recovered and that the agreement would be cancelled.
Karunanidhi said: “Katchatheevu`s status cannot be governed by the 1974 agreement. Important historical documents and records show that India`s sovereignty over small children was not taken into account when the so-called “International Maritime Border Agreement in India-Sri Lanka and related affairs” was signed in 1974. Ownership of the island was the subject of controversy until 1974, when the island was administered by both countries under British rule. India has recognized Sri Lanka`s equal property rights. The legality of the transfer was challenged in the Supreme Court of India, as the recognition had not been ratified by the Indian parliament. This recognition of an island, culturally important for fishermen in the Tamil state of Nadu in India, has caused some unrest on the part of Tamil politicians in Nadu, namely that it should be claimed by Indian sovereignty. The island is also important for fishing areas used by fishermen from both countries. The indosi-lakic agreement allows Indian fishermen to fish for katchatheevu and dry their nets on the island. As part of Sri Lanka`s civil war, the agreement has led to many difficulties with the Sri Lankan navy, which has been deployed to prevent arms smuggling by the LTTE rebel group. The island has a Catholic shrine that has attracted followers from both countries.  DMK President Karunanidhi on Tuesday contradicted the Centre`s attitude in the Supreme Court that Katchatheevu belongs to Sri Lanka in light of the 1974 agreement and said that sovereignty over Iseule was “never in Ceylon, but with India.” In 1991, the Tamil Nadu Assembly adopted a resolution calling for Katchatheevu`s takeover. During the civil war and with the northern borders under the control of the LTTE (enlargement), fishermen had easy access to fishing areas.